March Nutrition Notes The Food Groups:MyPlate

This month’s lesson focuses on MyPlate, the different food groups, and their health benefits.

miplato

The five different health groups are:

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Protein
  • Grains
  • Dairy

Our bodies need all of these food groups to function properly, to give us energy, and to keep us healthy. Each food group provides different nutrients, so it’s important to make healthy food choices.

Health Benefits & Nutrients

Fruits

  • Improved heart health
  • Protection against some types of cancers
  • Low in fat, sodium, calories
  • Full of potassium, fiber, vitamin C, and folate

Vegetables

  • Reduced risk for heart disease
  • Protection against some types of cancers
  • High in potassium, fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, folate

Grains

  • Aids in weight management
  • Reduces the risk of heart disease
  • Reduces constipation
  • High in fiber, B vitamins, iron, folate, selenium

Protein

  • Building blocks for bones, muscles, cartilage, skin, blood
  • Provide B vitamins, iron, zinc, magnesium

Dairy

  • Improved bone health
  • Reduced risk for cardiovascular disease
  • Reduced risk of type 2 Diabetes
  • High in calcium, vitamin D

Make half of your plate fruits and vegetables. Make half of your grains whole. Choose lean protein such as seafood, poultry, and leaner cuts of meat. Switch to fat-free or low-fat milk.

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